Clinical Diagnosis and Management of Resistant Hypertension.

By 1 Αυγούστου 2016 10 Απριλίου, 2019 Δημοσιεύσεις

Δημοσίευση στις 2016/8/1 στο PubMed:

Tsioufis CP, Kasiakogias A, Tousoulis D.


Resistant hypertension (RHT) is variably defined as insufficient blood pressure (BP) response to multiple drug treatment. Prevalence of RHT has been thoroughly studied in the recent years, ranging from about 5 to 30 % in various cohorts. Initial management of patients with apparent RHT requires identification of true treatment resistance by out-of-office BP measurements, assessment of adherence and screening for treatable causes of uncontrolled BP. Endorsement of lifestyle modifications and maximisation of the doses of a suitable regimen, preferably with the further addition of an aldosterone antagonist, are the mainstay of treatment. An invasive approach to RHT, mainly represented by renal nerve ablation, should be kept for persistently severe cases managed in a specialised hypertension centre.