Effects of oral paricalcitol therapy on arterial stiffness and osteopontin in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism.

By 7 Ιανουαρίου 2018 10 Απριλίου, 2019 Δημοσιεύσεις

Δημοσίευση στις 2018/1/7 στο PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29305902

Giakoumis M, Tsioufis C, Dimitriadis K, Sonikian M, Kasiakogias A, Andrikou E, Kalos T, Konstantinidis D, Filis K, Petras D, Tousoulis D.



Arterial stiffness is linked to the progression of atherosclerosis, while activation of vitamin D receptor exerts favorable cardiovascular effects in patients with renal insufficiency. In this study, we investigated the effects of oral treatment with paricalcitol, a potent vitamin D receptor activator, on arterial stiffness and osteopontin, a marker of atherosclerosis, in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and secondary hyperparathyroidism.


We followed up 29 treated hypertensive patients (mean age: 74.1 years, 19 men, office blood pressure = 132/85 mmHg) with CKD stages 3-5 (mean glomerular filtration rate [GFR] = 19.4 ml/min/1.73 m2) who were on therapy with oral paricalcitol for 1 year. The control group consisted of 10 age-, sex-, and GFR-matched hypertensive patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.


After 1 year of treatment with paricalcitol compared to baseline, there was no statistical difference in levels of GFR, office blood pressure, and osteopontin (p = NS for all), while carotid-femoral PWV was reduced from 11.8 ± 2.6 m/s to 11.2 ± 2.4 m/s (p < 0.05). The control group exhibited no significant changes in carotid-femoral PWV (p = NS).


Treatment with oral paricalcitol in hypertensive subjects suffering from CKD stages 3-5 and secondary hyperparathyroidism is accompanied by amelioration of arterial stiffness as reflected by the reduction of carotid-femoral PWV.